EV charging cables and EV charging plugs explained 2023

Charging an electric vehicle (EV) is not a one-size-fits-all endeavor. Depending on your vehicle, the type of charging station, and your location, you’ll be faced with a different cable, plug… or both.  

This article explains the different type of cables, plugs, and highlights country-specific standards and developments. 

EV charging cables

1. What is an EV charging cable? 

EV charging cables are accessories used to recharge an electric car battery, used by connecting it directly to an electric outlet or an EV charging station. 

2. What are the most common types of electric vehicle charging cables?

2.1 Charger cable type 1

The type 1 charging cable is the most basic and simple option used to charge a vehicle. It is likely you already own one since most EV manufacturers issue one of these with the electric vehicle. These electric charging cables do not include communication or control protocols, they simply connect to the EV on one side and to the electrical outlet on the other, delivering up to 2.3 kW.

2.2 Charger cable type 2

When you buy an electric car, you usually have a Type2 charging cable as standard. These cables are connected to your electric car, one end of the cable, and the cable is the control cable and protection responsible for control, communication and protection between standard and electric cars. (IC-CPD) included. This method is convenient, but there are many places where the house can be supplied with only 2-3 kW of electricity, and it takes a long time. Also, it is dangerous if you make a mistake. Therefore, we recommend using this charging cable only in case of an emergency.

2.3 Charger cable type 3

Currently, the most popular type 3 cables in the world are used for charging electric cars. Type 3 charging cables connect cars and dedicated chargers such as workplaces, offices, homes, houses, commercial facilities and public facilities. These cables are responsible for control, communication and protection of the charging process and are usually connected to a charging plug such as Type 1 and Type 2.

CEED Portable EV Fast Safe Charger Holder Grey Mobile Charging

2.4 Character cable type 4

The previous three people send the AC/DC converter with the AC/DC converter, so it is different from the charging 4. On the other hand, the 4-inch cable is only for charging DC, and after converting muscle electricity. The type This sends it to the car. Sometimes it is called fast charging or ultrasonic charging, so if you are charging EVs in DC, you can greatly reduce the charging time. However, this charging is directly to the EV’s battery, so the cable must be connected to the charging station permanently and is often in heat treatment.

EV charging plugs

1. What Is an Electric Car Charging Plug?

An electric car charging plug connects the EV charging cable to the charging socket in your vehicle. An EV charging plug features different pins designed for communication and control protocols, and conductors used to deliver the current to the vehicle at a certain voltage. We will explain the most popular type of EV charging plugs.

1.1 AC charging plugs

These plugs are used when charging at an AC charging station, this could be a public charging station you find in cities, a workplace charger at the office, or a home charging station.  

1.1.1 J1772- Type 1 EV plug

The J1772 is known as Type 1 EV chargers. This is the standard in North America, Japan, and a few other countries. The J1772 EV plug is used to charge your vehicle with AC power and does not include DC conductors.

1.1.2 Mennekes- type 2 EV plug

The Mennekes is known as the type 2 EV plug and it is mostly used in Europe and a few other countries. The Mennekes plug is used for AC charging, include three-phase conductors for AC chargers and two DC conductors for DC charging.

1.2 DC fast-charging plugs

1.2.1 CCS charging plug

The Combined Charging System, or CCS for short, is the DC fast-charging plug standard in North America (CCS1) and Europe (CCS2). It’s called a combined charging system because it supports both AC and DC charging and integrates the Type 1 and 2 AC charging plugs discussed above in their design.

1.2.2 CCS1

The CCS1 plug is an enhanced version of the Type 1 AC plug with two additional power contacts to enable DC fast charging. CCS1 is the most common fast-charging plug across North America besides Tesla’s Supercharger technology which has its own plug. CCS1 supports power outputs of up to 350 kW.

1.2.3 CCS2

The CCS2, on the other hand, is an enhanced version of the Type 2 AC plug with two additional power contacts to enable DC fast charging. CCS2 plugs can deliver between 50 kW and 350 kW of DC power. AC charging is also supported by plugging a standard Type 2 (for CCS2) plug into the upper half of the plug while leaving the lower DC power contacts empty. CCS2 is mainly used in Europe, where the Type 2 plug is the dominant AC charging standard.

CEED Portable EV Fast Safe Charger Holder Grey Mobile Charging

1.2.4 CHAdeMO

The CHAdeMO plug is the most popular DC plug used in Japan. This is also the plug used for the Nissan Leaf DC charging cable and in a few other imported EVs. This is why you might find DC Fast Charging Stations featuring not only CCS1 plugs but also CHAdeMO plugs.

Tesla Connectors: Exclusive for Tesla Vehicles

Tesla EVs used the Tesla proprietary plug for most countries around the world, mainly excluding Europe. This plug is used for AC and DC charging, using the same control and communication pins for both protocols. Since most EV charging stations feature Type 1 EV plugs in the USA, it is popular for Tesla EV owners to have a J1772-to-Tesla EV charging cable adapter to charge in Level 2 EV charging stations.

EV charging cables are accessories used to recharge an electric car battery, used by connecting it directly to an electric outlet or an EV charging station. 

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